I went to “Sakuya Konohanakan” in Osaka Flower Park. “The International Garden and Greenery Exposition, Osaka, Japan, 1990” was held here in 1990, exactly 30 years ago. At the beginning of the plan, it was the first negative growth after the war, and the Japanese economy was so cold that it was said to be “iron cold”. However, with the subsequent bubble economy, it was at its peak when it was held. Large companies competed to build a large pavilion, and when it was over, it was a huge success with more than 23.12million visitors. It is far few from the 64.21 million people at the Osaka Expo, but it was a new record at the special exhibition.
大阪花博公園の「咲くやこの花館」に行きました。今から丁度30年前の1990年にここで「国際花と緑の博覧会(The International Garden and Greenery Exposition, Osaka, Japan, 1990）」が開催されました。計画当初は戦後初めてのマイナス成長で、「鉄冷え」と言われるほど日本経済は冷え込んでおり、開催も危ぶまれました。しかし、それからのバブル景気に乗り、開催時にはその絶頂期に重なりました。大手企業は競って大型パビリオンを建設し、終わってみれば、入場者数が2312万人以上という大成功を収めたわけです。大阪万博の6421万人には遠く及びませんが、特別博覧会での新記録でした。
A princess named Orihime (Vega) lived on the west bank of the Milky Way. Orihime was a master of weaving, and presented it to his father, the Emperor, whenever she wove the beautiful cloth. The Emperor, who was looking for a marriage partner for such a daughter, introduced the hard-working cattle worker Hikoboshi (Altair) on the east bank to Orihime, and they became a happy couple. However, after getting married, the two were just absorbed in love each other without working. The emperor who was angry at this again separated them by separating the Milky Way. However, feeling pity for the two who did nothing but the sadness, the emperor allowed them to meet only on the night of Tanabata(the Star Festival day). Riding on the wings of a magpie (swan constellation), who took orders from the Emperor, the two have crossed the Milky Way and met once a year since the time.
It looks pretty cute, but no plant has such a bad reputation. There are also purple flowers, which are very similar to eggplant and potatoes. If you look closely, there are many spines on the stem and the back of the leaves, and the impression of the appearance will change completely. The origin is North America, but its fertility is strong and it is now distributed all over the world. It is the famous botanist Dr. Tomitaro Makino who named it “eagle eggplant”, so it seems that it was brought into Japan in the Meiji era. In addition to being certified as a “designated alien species” in Shiga Prefecture, importation is prohibited by law in South Korea. The fruits produced in autumn are very similar to cherry tomatoes and, like whole grass, contain deadly poisons and even livestock die. It is a troublesome plant that is not effective against pesticides.
Tachi Aoi is also called Rainy season Aoi because it starts blooming just before the rainy season, and flowers gradually grow from the bottom, and flowering progresses to the top of the flower stem at the end of the rainy season. Flowers such as pink, yellow, and dark purple are similar to hibiscus, but because they are native to Asia, they have a somewhat Japanese atmosphere. Since it was been sung in Manyoshu far old times, it has been familiar with people and has signaled the arrival of summer. These traditional flowers are suitable for ornamental use, but many have also been used for medicinal purposes.
The story that Momotaro who was born from Momo(peach) receives a millet dumpling from an old man and an old woman, takes a dog , a monkey and a pheasant with him and goes to Onigashima(the island where demons live) to exterminate demons is one of Japan’s representative fairy tales. As used in Momotaro and Togenkyo(the utopia with peaches), peaches have long been regarded as a fruit of longevity and good luck in Japan and China. Nowadays, the peach which is undergoing varieties improvement is a typical high-grade fruit in summer along with a water melon. It seems that even higher-grade peaches are called honey peaches.
The flowers of lacquer flowers are in bloom in the garden of the house on the walking path. Speaking of which, Kuko was planted in the garden of my house where I used to live. It must have been planted by a big aunt who loves flowers. I don’t remember flowers, but I remember that many red fruits were made in autumn. I sometimes had a Kuko wine by soaking dried red fruit in sake and saying that it was good for my body. When I look it up now, it seems to be a nutritious food. It seems that Yang Guifei also ate the soybeans every day. The purple flowers are very nice.
Native species are now endangered. Known as a noble Chinese medicine from ancient times, it has been used as a nourishing tonic and a beautiful voice medicine, especially by people such as Noh, Kyogen, and Joruri’s singing and talking. Since the flowers are beautiful, it has spread as a cultivated variety, but the native species are highly effective as medicinal effects, and so most noticeable items all have been picked up. Originally a strong variety, it grows in places like rock spaces and the crotch of trees. As the years go by, knots are added to increase the length.
On a sunny day during the rainy season, I went for a walk in Nara Park. Along the way, I dropped in the long-established Nara fan store, “Ikeda Gankoudo,” and bought the desired “Nara fan”. The Nara fan, which is made of any color of red, white, yellow, brown, and light blue, with the Nara style and the Shosoin pattern open-worked, is cool to look at. In the Tobihino grass field, where people and deers are sparse, I forgot the passage of time, fanning the “Nara fan” I had just bought.
The state of Hyakunichi-so has changed completely now. It is a flower that was always offered to Buddhist Buddha in the Obon time, and nowadays it is called Zinnia, and there are many dwarf varieties suitable for flower beds and containers, which makes it a very popular gardening material. The Zinnia in the photo was taken in a nearby park, and it is called Zinnia Profision, a gardening species created by “Sakata Seeds Co.” by crossing Zinnia elegans and Zinnia linealis. The flowering period is long as the name “hyakunich(hundred days)”, and it continues to bloom one after another throughout the summer.
Kunlunka is a flower that makes us feel romantic just by listening to its name. At the border between the Taklimakan Desert in the Uighur Autonomous Region and the Tibetan Autonomous Region, in the western part of China, there is the Kunlun Mountains, which is 3,000km east-west and has more than 200 mountains over 6,000m high. From ancient times, in China, it has been said that there is “Kunlun Mountain” in the far west, where water containing immortal components flows and the hermit lives. Kunlunka with dark green leaves, pure white calyx and star-studded yellow flowers certainly reminds us of “Kunlun Mountain”.